02 Jun Foreign Owned Domestic Disregarded Proposed Regulations
Currently, a foreign-owned US disregarded entity generally owes no US tax reporting unless the entity is engaged in a US trade or business or has certain types of US-source income. However, such a disregarded entity can disguise its owners, allowing for abuses like tax evasion. To combat these abuses, as well as live up to US treaty obligations, the US Treasury and Internal Revenue Service have issued proposed regulations (REG-127199-15).
The proposed regulations, for certain purposes, treat as a domestic corporation any domestic disregarded entity wholly owned by a foreign person. Specifically, the rules treat such a disregarded entity as a domestic corporation solely for purposes of applying Internal Revenue Code section 6038A, which requires special reporting, record maintenance and compliance for 25 percent foreign-owned domestic corporations. As a result, these disregarded entities become required to:
- Obtain an EIN via a Form SS–4, which must include information about its responsible party (generally the individual with control over, or entitlement to, the entity’s assets).
- Use the EIN and other information to file Form 5472, Information Return of a 25% Foreign-Owned U.S. Corporation or a Foreign Corporation Engaged in a U.S. Trade or Business. This form reports on “reportable transactions” between the entity and its foreign owner or other foreign related parties. Solely for Form 5472, “reportable transactions” is defined broadly to include “any sale, assignment, lease, license, loan, advance, contribution, or other transfer of any interest in or a right to use any property or money, as well as the performance of any services for the benefit of, or on behalf of, another taxpayer.” The proposed regulations impose this filing obligation even if the foreign owner or disregarded entity already has another obligation to report income from these reportable transactions.
- Maintain permanent records sufficient to establish the accuracy of the information return and the correct U.S. tax treatment of such transactions.
The proposed regulations penalize disregarded entities for failure to file Form 5472 or maintain corresponding records, just as domestic corporations are currently penalized. However, the proposed regulations do not allow disregarded entities the exceptions to the record maintenance requirements in section 1.6038A–1(h) and (i) (regarding small corporations and de minimis transactions).
If finalized, the proposed rules would apply to tax years ending on or after the date that is 12 months after they are published as final.Disclaimer: This blog and website are public sources of general information concerning our firm and its lawyers, as well as the information presented. They are intended, but not promised or guaranteed, to be correct, complete, and up-to-date as of the date posted. This blog and website are not intended to be, and are not, sources of legal opinion or advice. The materials, information, and communications on this blog and website do not apply to any particular person, entity, or situation, and do not apply to you or to your specific situation. You will need to consult with an attorney and/or other appropriate professional about your specific situation. Thank you.