25 Dec 2012 Opportunity for US Non-resident Non-filers, Persons with Foreign Retirement Plans
By Jon Golub
As promised by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) notice, dated June 26, 2012 (see IR-2012-65) (the “June Notice”), it has created a new program to both (i) help United States taxpayers residing overseas to come back into tax compliance and (ii) assist United States taxpayers in cleaning up foreign retirement plan issues. The new program was made effective as of September 1, and on August 31, 2012, the IRS published a notice (the “August Notice”) containing more details on the plan along with a questionnaire (the “Questionnaire”) that participants in the new program are required to submit.
According to the August Notice, United States taxpayers with a “low compliance risk” will be eligible for a streamlined procedure to come back into tax compliance. To be eligible, the United States taxpayer must have (i) resided outside of the United States since January 1, 2009 and (ii) not filed a United States tax return during the same period. The “low compliance risk” determination requires that the taxpayer have less than $1,500 in tax due in each year and no “high risk factors.”
If eligible, the United States taxpayer is required to file tax returns (including information reports) for the last three (3) years, include payment of the tax and interest due on such returns, and submit FBARS (i.e. Form TD F 90-22.1) for the last six (6) years. Beyond the tax and interest due, taxpayers using the streamlined procedure are not asked to pay any additional penalty. So that the IRS may determine the level of compliance risk, the United States taxpayer participant must also submit the Questionnaire.
Certain tax treaties between the United States and foreign countries (i.e. Canada permit a United States taxpayer to make an election to defer payment of United States income taxes on income earned in a foreign retirement plan. The deferral election for Canadian plans is ordinarily made on IRS Form 8891. Because many United States taxpayers were unaware of the availability of such election, they have since fallen into tax noncompliance with respect to United States taxation of the earnings in such foreign retirement plans. According to the August Notice, any taxpayer seeking relief for the failure to make the election can make a late election to defer such income by submitting (i) a statement requesting an extension of time to make the election and identifying applicable treaty provisions allowing for such election, (ii) a Form 8891, if applicable, (iii) a signed statement including specific information on the failure to make the election, and (iv) an amended tax return for the year in which the deferral is made effective, if applicable.
The August Notice further warns taxpayers that the streamlined procedure does not provide protection from criminal prosecution and may not be appropriate for many taxpayers with foreign income and reporting issues; such taxpayers may want to consider the Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Program (OVDP) announced on January 9, 2012.
The August Notice and a link to the Questionnaire can be found at: http://www.irs.gov/uac/Instructions-for-New-Streamlined-Filing-Compliance-Procedures-for-Non-Resident-Non-Filer-US-TaxpayersDisclaimer: This blog and website are public sources of general information concerning our firm and its lawyers, as well as the information presented. They are intended, but not promised or guaranteed, to be correct, complete, and up-to-date as of the date posted. This blog and website are not intended to be, and are not, sources of legal opinion or advice. The materials, information, and communications on this blog and website do not apply to any particular person, entity, or situation, and do not apply to you or to your specific situation. You will need to consult with an attorney and/or other appropriate professional about your specific situation. Thank you.